Moderating Effect of Financial Innovations on the Relationship Between GDP Per Capita and Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya
Stratford Peer Reviewed Journals and Book Publishing Journal of Finance and Accounting
Profitability of commercial banks in Kenya have been declining since 2010 which was largely attributed to macro-economic factors, fiscal policies introduced by central bank of Kenya and market activities such as issuance of bonds and capping of interest rates. There has also been increased integration due to embracement of financial innovations in the banking sector however the moderating effects of financial innovations on the relationship between GDP per capita and financial performance is still uncertain. The objective of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of financial innovation on the relationship between GDP per capita and financial performance of commercial banks in Kenya. The study was based on two theories: Keynesian Economics theory and Constraint Induced Financial Innovation Theory. The study utilized secondary data for 10-year period as from 2011 to 2020. The target population of the study was 42 commercial banks that are licensed and supervised by the Central Bank of Kenya. Secondary panel data on financial performance of Commercial Banks was obtained from the individual institutions’ financial reports while data on macroeconomic factors was obtained from both Central Bank of Kenya and Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Return on assets was used to measure financial performance. The study found a significant and positive relationship (b=0.594, t=2.939, p=0.022) between GDP per capita and ROA. The study found no moderating effect of financial innovations on the relationship between GDP per capita and financial performance of commercial banks. The study recommends that banks should implement the highest degree of innovations, which will enable them achieve very high ROA.
Financial Innovations, GDP per capita, Financial Performance, Commercial Banks, Moderating effect.